List of loanwords in Indonesian - Wikipedia List of loanwords in Indonesian - Wikipedia

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For example, suffixes such as "-asi" e.

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List of loanwords[ edit ] From Minangkabau [ edit ] Most of Indonesian's vocabulary is natively derived from Malay, but some might be ultimately loanwords from Minang language. Modern Indonesian regularly adapts Arti kata hook up words from other languages, particularly English.

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Dutch colonization and administration, lasting from the 17th century to the 20th, extensively affected the vocabulary. Chronology[ edit ] The study on Indonesian etymology and loan words reflected its historical and social context.

Indian traders may have contributed words as well, in Tamil and Sanskrit-related languages.


Yet it is unclear, since Malay and Minang are closely related, and some might consider Minang to have been an ancestral dialect of Malay. Portuguese contact, trade and colonization in the 16th century was the first contact between Indonesia and European culture, and had an influence that remains today, in spite of the relatively short time period of that influence.

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For example, "sanyo" refers to any electrical well pump, regardless of manufacturer or "odol" as all of toothpastes. Examples are the early Sanskrit borrowings probably in the Srivijaya period, the borrowings from Arabic and Persian during the time of the establishment of Islam in particular, and the ones from Dutch during the colonial period.

Indonesian has involved in trade with Chinese since ancient times and also significant of Chinese immigrants began to migrate to Indonesia, as the result some of Chinese languageespecially Hokkien dialect being absorbed into Indonesian.

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This is similar to the type of generalization that occurs in English words like "xerox" or "tampax" or "polaroid". As Dutch-trained linguists determined the rules for the official Indonesian language, Dutch thus affected the structure of the language as well.

Some loan words are still intensively used today, although there are Indonesian equivalents of them.

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Muslim influence, which came at first through Arabic and Persian traders, over a number of centuries results in an extensive Arabic influence and also Persian. Linguistic history and cultural history are clearly linked.

In contrast to the large number of mechanical terms borrowed from Dutch e.

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